Publications

This invisibility, however, means that the opportunities for creative research are infinite.

Barbara Smith

Evaluation, Documentation, Products, Journal & Academic Publications

HIV Prevention for Black Heterosexual Men: The Barbershop Talk with Brothers Cluster Randomized Trial

a striped barber pole in front of a green doorway

Barbershops in Brooklyn, New York, neighborhoods with high rates of heterosexually transmitted HIV were randomized to the intervention or an attention control program. Men were recruited from barbershops between 2012 and 2016 and participated in a single small group, peer-led session focused on HIV risk reduction skills and motivation, community health empowerment, and identification of personal strengths and communication skills.

Adjournment in Community HIV Prevention: Exploring Transitions in Community-Academic Partnerships

A man is attended to at a barbershot

Barbershop-based interventions have been increasingly implemented as a means to support culturally relevant and community-accessible health promotion and disease prevention efforts. Specifically, in neighborhoods of Brooklyn, New York, with high HIV seroprevalence rates, barbers have volunteered to support an initiative to help reduce sexual risk behavior. After implementing the Barbershop Talk With Brothers program for 5 years, we explored how program participation has affected barbers’ HIV prevention and counseling skills to promote their clients’ health, and assessed their views of next stages of the community-academic partnership, once the specific project ended.

Perceptions of HIV Risk and Explanations of Sexual Risk Behavior Offered by Heterosexual Black Male Barbershop Patrons in Brooklyn, NY

To describe HIV risk factors among adult heterosexual Black men recruited from four barbershops located in high HIV seroprevalent neighborhoods of Brooklyn, NY. Emergent themes included: 1) the psychological function of multiple partnerships; 2) calculated risk taking regarding condom use; 3) the role of emotional attachment and partner trust in condom use; 4) low perceived HIV risk and community awareness; and 5) lack of relationship between HIV testing and safer sex practices. Interventions among heterosexual Black men should focus not only on increasing HIV awareness and reducing sexual risk, but also on contextual and interpersonal factors that influence sexual risk.

Using the Delphi and snow card techniques to build consensus among diverse community and academic stakeholders.

The Delphi approach fostered ownership and engagement with community partners because it was an iterative process that required stakeholders’ input into decision making. Results have helped to inform the overall CTSI research agenda by defining action steps, and setting an organizing framework to tackle two health disparity areas. The process helped ensure that NYUHHC CTSI research and community engagement strategies are congruent with community priorities.

Building Bridges: Exploring Social Determinants of Health

In 2009, the Brooklyn Health Disparities Center received a 2-year grant from the NIH-NIMHD to develop and implement a health disparities curriculum for high school students and to increase the capacity of community-based organizations to conduct research. For the past three years, the Arthur Ashe Institute has conducted the Brooklyn Health Disparities Summer Internship Program to provide a community engaged health disparities summer course for students recruited from the Institute’s Health Science Academy, a three-year after-school science enrichment program. The program was replicated in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago in July of 2012, as part of a Fulbright award received by the Institute’s CEO, Dr. Ruth C. Browne.

Lessons learned from building an infrastructure for community-engaged research

Design programs that are capable of building trust, skills, capacity, and interest of community members concomitantly; be flexible in terms of the priorities and objectives that the partners seek to focus on as these may change over time; and build a groundswell of local advocates to embrace the research and policy agenda of the BHDC.

Engaging minority high school students as health disparities interns: findings and policy implications of a summer youth pipeline program.

Describing the development and implementation of a health disparities summer internship program for minority high school students that was created to increase their knowledge of health disparities, provide hands-on training in community-engaged research, support their efforts to advocate for policy change, and further encourage youth to pursue careers in the health professions.

20 Year Anniversary Report. Arthur Ashe Institute for Urban Health

While in nonprofit years 20 is a ripe old age, in people years it is the threshold of the grown-up world. Stepping into organizational adulthood, we recognize that increasing health equity through developing effective replicable models requires a comprehensive integrated approach and partners from an array of disciplines. In this anniversary annual report, you will meet the partners we serve who also help design, guide and implement our work: Health Science Academy scholars and graduates, community-based organizations that have hosted them as interns, the neighborhood entrepreneurs who serve as lay health educators, and the academic health center that continues to serve its 150 year mission of providing healthcare to immigrant families.

Healthy families Brooklyn: working with health advocates to develop a health promotion program for residents living in New York City housing authority developments.

Decreasing health disparities must increase access to care, improve health education and ease navigating the health care system. Community Health Workers (CHW) take on these tasks in professional and culturally competent manners. The Healthy Families Brooklyn (HFB) Program serves residents in two public housing developments in Brooklyn, NY. Healthy Families Advocates (HFA), a type of CHW, are at the core of HFB. Curriculum development for, training of and services provided by the 10 HFA over 19 months are described. Pre and post knowledge assessments of HFAs are analyzed. Data from HFA surveys regarding training were analyzed using grounded theory methods.

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