“This invisibility, however, means that the opportunities for creative research are infinite.”
– Barbara Smith
Evaluation, Documentation, Products, Journal & Academic Publications
To describe HIV risk factors among adult heterosexual Black men recruited from four barbershops located in high HIV seroprevalent neighborhoods of Brooklyn, NY. Emergent themes included: 1) the psychological function of multiple partnerships; 2) calculated risk taking regarding condom use; 3) the role of emotional attachment and partner trust in condom use; 4) low perceived HIV risk and community awareness; and 5) lack of relationship between HIV testing and safer sex practices. Interventions among heterosexual Black men should focus not only on increasing HIV awareness and reducing sexual risk, but also on contextual and interpersonal factors that influence sexual risk.
The Delphi approach fostered ownership and engagement with community partners because it was an iterative process that required stakeholders’ input into decision making. Results have helped to inform the overall CTSI research agenda by defining action steps, and setting an organizing framework to tackle two health disparity areas. The process helped ensure that NYUHHC CTSI research and community engagement strategies are congruent with community priorities.
In 2009, the Brooklyn Health Disparities Center received a 2-year grant from the NIH-NIMHD to develop and implement a health disparities curriculum for high school students and to increase the capacity of community-based organizations to conduct research. For the past three years, the Arthur Ashe Institute has conducted the Brooklyn Health Disparities Summer Internship Program to provide a community engaged health disparities summer course for students recruited from the Institute’s Health Science Academy, a three-year after-school science enrichment program. The program was replicated in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago in July of 2012, as part of a Fulbright award received by the Institute’s CEO, Dr. Ruth C. Browne.
Design programs that are capable of building trust, skills, capacity, and interest of community members concomitantly; be flexible in terms of the priorities and objectives that the partners seek to focus on as these may change over time; and build a groundswell of local advocates to embrace the research and policy agenda of the BHDC.
Describing the development and implementation of a health disparities summer internship program for minority high school students that was created to increase their knowledge of health disparities, provide hands-on training in community-engaged research, support their efforts to advocate for policy change, and further encourage youth to pursue careers in the health professions.
While in nonprofit years 20 is a ripe old age, in people years it is the threshold of the grown-up world. Stepping into organizational adulthood, we recognize that increasing health equity through developing effective replicable models requires a comprehensive integrated approach and partners from an array of disciplines. In this anniversary annual report, you will meet the partners we serve who also help design, guide and implement our work: Health Science Academy scholars and graduates, community-based organizations that have hosted them as interns, the neighborhood entrepreneurs who serve as lay health educators, and the academic health center that continues to serve its 150 year mission of providing healthcare to immigrant families.
Decreasing health disparities must increase access to care, improve health education and ease navigating the health care system. Community Health Workers (CHW) take on these tasks in professional and culturally competent manners. The Healthy Families Brooklyn (HFB) Program serves residents in two public housing developments in Brooklyn, NY. Healthy Families Advocates (HFA), a type of CHW, are at the core of HFB. Curriculum development for, training of and services provided by the 10 HFA over 19 months are described. Pre and post knowledge assessments of HFAs are analyzed. Data from HFA surveys regarding training were analyzed using grounded theory methods.
A model is presented of a community–academic partnership formed to replicate a unique salon-based health education and promotion program among African-American and Latino communities in Philadelphia. By embracing a common mission and principles of understanding, co-learning, building capacity and sharing responsibility and recognition, this partnership was able to achieve positive outcomes.